“How to Solve a 2×2 Rubik’s Cube: A Beginner’s Guide”


Greetings to all the Rubik’s cube enthusiasts out there, especially to you, Challenger! Whether you’re a newbie or have been a fan of this classic puzzle for years, mastering the art of solving the Rubik’s Cube can be an exciting and rewarding experience.

However, if you’re a beginner, you might find yourself intimidated by the complexity of the cube, and it may seem like an impossible mission to solve it. Fear not! In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of solving the 2×2 Rubik’s Cube.

In this guide, we will provide you with all the essential tips and techniques that will help you solve the Rubik’s Cube in no time. So, grab your Rubik’s Cube and let’s begin!

The History of Rubik’s Cube

The idea of creating the Rubik’s Cube came to Erno Rubik, a Hungarian sculptor and architecture teacher, in the late 1970s. The first prototype that he developed was a wooden, 2x2x2 cube called the Magic Cube.

After realizing how challenging it was to solve the cube, he decided to create a larger version of it. In 1980, the Rubik’s Cube was released worldwide and became an instant sensation, with millions of people trying to solve the cube every day.

The Rubik’s Cube consists of 26 smaller cubes, with six faces that can be turned in any direction. The objective of the puzzle is to align all six faces, so that each face is a single color. Sounds easy, right? Keep reading!

The Benefits of Solving Rubik’s Cube

Solving a Rubik’s Cube can do wonders for your mind and body. Here are some of the benefits you can gain from mastering this puzzle:

  1. It improves your problem-solving skills.
  2. It enhances your memory retention and recall abilities.
  3. It boosts your confidence and patience.
  4. It helps to reduce stress levels and anxiety.
  5. It promotes creativity and critical thinking.

Now that you know the history and benefits of the Rubik’s Cube let’s dive into the details of how to solve it!

How to Solve a 2×2 Rubik’s Cube

Step 1: Solving the First Layer

The first step to solving the Rubik’s Cube is to solve the first layer. Here’s how:

  1. Select one of the colors on the cube as your target color.
  2. Locate the corner piece of that color on the cube and position it to the bottom left of the front face of the cube.
  3. Turn the right face of the cube once, so that the corner piece matches the color of the right-side face.
  4. Turn the bottom face of the cube once, so that the edge piece matches the colors of the front and the right-side faces.
  5. Turn the right face of the cube twice, so the corner piece moves to the top right position of the front face.
  6. Turn the bottom face of the cube once, so that the edge piece matches the colors of the front and the left-side faces.
  7. Turn the right face of the cube once, so the corner piece moves to the bottom right of the front face.
  8. Turn the bottom face of the cube once, so that the edge piece matches the colors of the front and the right-side faces.
  9. Turn the right face of the cube twice, so that the corner piece moves back to its starting position at the bottom left.
1st 2nd 3rd
L F R – F2 – L F’ R’
L’ F R F2 L’ F’ R’

Step 2: Solving the Second Layer

The second step is to solve the second layer, here are the steps:

  1. Locate the missing-color edge pieces that belong to the middle layer.
  2. Move the pieces individually to the middle section by turning the top layer of the cube until the missing edge piece and the center piece of the same color are side by side in the left-hand side vertical column.
  3. With the middle section directly facing you, move the piece of the middle section that matches the color of the center piece, so that it matches up with the edge piece from step 1.
  4. Turn the middle section back into place.
  5. Move the next missing edge piece from the upper layer next to the middle section.
  6. Align it with the center piece of the same color and move the middle section piece matching the color into place.
  7. Repeat steps 4-6 for each color until the second layer is solved.
4th 5th 6th
R’ D’ R D U’ R’ U R L D L’ D’
U R U’ U L’ U’

Step 3: Solving the Final Layer

The final step is to solve the final layer. Here’s how:

  1. Ensure the cube is solved except for the last layer.
  2. Turn the top layer of the cube until you get a horizontal line of the same color.
  3. Hold the cube with the horizontal line at the bottom, then perform the algorithm below:

R’ F R F’

  1. If there’s a L-shape made, hold the cube so that the bottom layer has the L-shape located towards the left-hand side. Then perform the same algorithm again.
  2. If there’s a vertical bar pattern made, hold the cube so that the vertical bar locates in the left corner on the bottom, then perform the same algorithm twice.
  3. Turn the top layer until all the same-color pieces are aligned. This may take a few tries but should be straightforward to achieve.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How long does it take to solve the Rubik’s Cube?

The time it takes to solve a Rubik’s Cube depends on several factors, including your experience level, your knowledge of algorithms, and your natural ability to solve puzzles. Some people can solve it in a matter of seconds, while others may take several minutes or even hours.

2. Is the Rubik’s Cube difficult to solve?

The Rubik’s Cube can be challenging to solve, especially if you’re a beginner. However, with practice and patience, anyone can learn how to solve the Rubik’s Cube.

3. How many algorithms are there to solve the Rubik’s Cube?

There are many algorithms to solve the Rubik’s Cube, ranging from basic to advanced. As a beginner, you need to master only a handful of algorithms to solve the cube.

4. Can I learn how to solve the Rubik’s Cube online?

Yes, there are many online resources and video tutorials available that can help you learn how to solve the Rubik’s Cube.

5. How do I know if I’ve solved the Rubik’s Cube correctly?

You’ll know you’ve solved the Rubik’s Cube correctly when all six faces are a single color.

6. What’s the best way to hold a Rubik’s Cube?

Hold the Rubik’s Cube with your left hand, with your thumb on the left side and your index finger on the bottom. Use your right hand to turn the cube.

7. How can I improve my Rubik’s Cube solving skills?

Practice, practice, practice! The more you solve the Rubik’s Cube, the more you’ll understand the different techniques and algorithms involved. You can also join online Rubik’s Cube communities for tips and advice.

8. Can I modify the Rubik’s Cube?

Yes, you can modify the Rubik’s Cube in various ways, such as adding stickers, painting the cube, or removing some of the cubes from the puzzle. However, be aware that modifying the Rubik’s Cube may disqualify it from official competitions.

9. What’s the world record for solving the Rubik’s Cube?

The current world record for solving the Rubik’s Cube as of July 2021, was set by Yusheng Du from China, who solved the Rubik’s Cube in just 3.47 seconds.

10. How many different combinations are there on a Rubik’s Cube?

There are around 43 quintillion different combinations on a standard 3×3 Rubik’s Cube.

11. Are there any benefits to using Rubik’s Cube-specific lubricants?

Using a lubricant designed specifically for Rubik’s cubes can make the cube turn more smoothly, improve corner-cutting performance, and increase the speed of solving.

12. How can I solve the Rubik’s Cube faster?

To solve the Rubik’s Cube faster, you need to practice regularly and learn additional algorithms. It would help if you also focused on improving your finger dexterity and hand-eye coordination, so you can solve the cube more quickly and accurately.

13. Can I solve the Rubik’s Cube blindfolded?

Yes, you can solve the Rubik’s Cube blindfolded. Blindfolded solving involves memorizing the cube’s current state before attempting to solve it. It requires extensive practice and memory training to master.


Congratulations! You’ve done it! By following the step-by-step solution guide above, you’ve successfully solved the 2×2 Rubik’s Cube. You should now have a better understanding of how to approach and solve this classic puzzle game.

If you’re interested in taking your Rubik’s Cube skills to the next level, try learning more advanced algorithms and trying to solve the larger 3×3 or even 4×4 versions of the puzzle. Remember, practice makes perfect!


While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the contents of this article, we accept no liability for any errors, omissions, or inaccuracies that may be present. The information in this article is intended for educational and informational purposes only.