A Comprehensive Guide on How to Make Simple Syrup for the Next Level of Sweetness

A Warm Welcome to You, Challenger!

Have you ever tasted a cocktail that was too bitter or a dessert that was not sweet enough? One of the best solutions to balance these flavors is through using simple syrup. Simple syrup provides a sweetness that is easy to control, and it dissolves quickly. Whether you are a mixologist or a foodie, making your own syrup is very easy and cost-effective.

That said, we have put together a comprehensive guide to teach you how to make simple syrup from scratch. You will not only learn the basic technique, but also some helpful tips that will upgrade your syrup game!

What is Simple Syrup?

For the first time syrup makers, simple syrup can be defined as a mixture of sugar and water. It is commonly used in the food and beverage industry as a sweetener to balance flavors. There are three kinds of basic simple syrup, depending on the ratio of sugar and water added. These include:

Syrup type Sugar (grams) Water (milliliters)
1:1 100 100
2:1 (rich syrup) 200 100
3:1 (extra rich syrup) 300 100

Equipment Needed

Before starting your syrup-making escapade, make sure that you have the necessary equipment handy.

Measuring cups and spoons

Accuracy is key when making simple syrup, so make sure you have the correct measuring tools such as measuring cups and spoons.


You’ll also need a saucepan large enough to hold the amount of syrup you intend to make. Choose a non-reactive material like stainless steel to prevent metallic flavor or discoloration.


Since you need to dissolve the sugar completely in the water, you will require a stirrer. A wooden spoon or a silicone spatula will do.


To filter any impurities or undissolved sugar, a strainer that fits in the saucepan is needed. A fine-mesh strainer is preferred.

Steps on How to Make Simple Syrup

Step 1: Decide on the syrup type to make

Based on your recipe or preference, determine the correct ratio of sugar and water to make. 1:1 is the most common, but rich and extra rich syrups are also quite useful.

Step 2: Gather ingredients

Once you know the syrup type, select your ingredients. You will only require sugar and water for this recipe, but you can level up your syrup creation by infusing flavors such as herbs, fruits or spices.

Step 3: Combine ingredients in a saucepan

In the saucepan, mix the sugar and water to make a homogeneous solution.

Step 4: Heat the mixture

Heat the mixture over low to medium heat without stirring until the sugar has fully dissolved. To check if it is ready, dip a spoon into the mixture and observe whether there are sugar granules. If not, then the syrup is set!

Step 5: Cool and store

Allow the syrup to cool down for a few minutes before straining it to remove any impurities. You can then store it in a sanitized glass bottle or jar in the refrigerator for further use.

Helpful Tips

Infuse flavors

To give your cocktails or desserts a signature taste profile, you can infuse the syrup with flavors. You only need to add the flavor agent before heating the mixture. For instance, slice ginger or vanilla bean then let it brew in the syrup for extra flavor. Remember to remove the agents before storing the syrup.

Shelf life

Simple syrups have a relatively long shelf life of up to a month when refrigerated properly. Make sure that the jar or bottleis well sealed.

Prevent crystallization

Over time, the syrup might start to form sugar crystals. To prevent this, add cream of tartar when making the syrup or add a tablespoon of corn syrup into the mixture.

Use clean jars

Always use sanitized jars to store the syrup. Wash the jars with hot soapy water and rinse well before storing.


Simple syrup is not limited to sugar and water. You can experiment with various flavors such as lavender, cinnamon or even chili. Be creative and improve your syrup game!

Renovate stale syrup

If your syrup has overstayed in the fridge, you can freshen it up by heating it in the saucepan and adding a bit of water or sugar. Make sure to cool it down before use.

Consider sugar substitute

If plain sugar is unfit for your dietary requirements or tastes, use alternative sweeteners like honey or agave nectar, among others.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How long can I store simple syrup in the refrigerator?

Simple syrup can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a month.

Can I make flavored syrup?

Yes, you can infuse your syrup with flavors such as herbs, fruits, and even spices.

What is the ratio of sugar and water to make extra rich syrup?

To make extra rich syrup, use a 3:1 ratio of sugar and water.

How do I sanitize jars or bottles?

Wash the jar or bottle with hot soapy water and rinse thoroughly. Alternatively, you can run it in the dishwasher or sterilize it by boiling in hot water.

Are there sugar substitutes for making simple syrup?

Yes, there are so many substitutes such as Stevia, honey, agave nectar, and maple syrup.

Is there a chance of crystallization of sugar in the syrup?

Yes, but it can be prevented using strategies such as adding some lemon juice, corn syrup, or cream of tartar during syrup making.

Can simple syrup be used to sweeten tea or coffee?

Yes, simple syrup is ideal for sweetening various beverages because it is easy to dissolve and control.

How long does it take for sugar to dissolve when making simple syrup?

It can take between 5 to 10 minutes, depending on the sugar type and the amount of heat you apply.

Can I add alcohol to the syrup mixture?

Yes, you can add alcohol to enhance flavor, preserve and even help dissolve the sugar. Be sure to add the desired alcohol before straining the mixture.

Can I reheat simple syrup if it has crystallized?

Yes, to revive the syrup, reheat it in a saucepan then add a teaspoon of sugar or water to dissolve the crystals.

How do I know that the syrup is ready?

The syrup is ready when all the sugar has dissolved, and the mixture is colorless and smooth. You can also check by dipping a spoon in the mixture then observing whether there are sugar granules.

What can I use simple syrup for?

Simple syrup is ideal for sweetening cocktails, desserts, beverages, and even iced tea.

How much syrup can I make?

The amount of syrup you can make depends on the quantity of sugar and water used. For instance, using the 1:1 ratio, you can make one cup of syrup by combining 1 cup of sugar and 1 cup of water.

Can I substitute plain water with juice in making simple syrup?

Yes, you can use any juice such as lemon, raspberry or pomegranate juice in place of water to add an extra boost of flavor.

How do I know that the syrup has gone bad?

If the syrup has changed color, has an unusual smell, or has mold growing in it, then it is time to throw it away.


Congratulations, Challenger! You have made it to the end of this comprehensive guide on how to make simple syrup. You don’t have to purchase simple syrup anymore, as all you need is sugar and water, and you can create your own. You also have the advantage of infusing flavors and modifying ratios according to your preference. Simple syrup-making can be your new hobby or competitive skill since you know all the secrets to become the ultimate syrup champ! So, let’s get to cooking!


In conclusion, this guide is for reference purposes only, and much as we’ve taken utmost care to provide accurate and credible information, we cannot guarantee its accuracy or reliability. Always consult a professional for specialized guidelines regarding the same or related fields.